Excess of Cost On Fair Market Value Definition

Forex Glossary


The word excess of cost over fair market value of net resources identifies this gap between the cost paid to get a package of resources along with their own net value as determined through an expert evaluation. Specifying the excess of cost over fair market value is normally demanded when a firm buys another, with all the surplus cost being employed to goodwill to the balance sheet.


Goodwill = Purchase Price – (Assessed Value of Assets – Liabilities)


  • Fair Market Value of Net Assets = Assessed Value of Assets – Liabilities


When a company gains funds from the other, the receiving company needs to ascertain whether the cost paid for all those assets was over their reasonable market price. If a company acquires another, this procedure becomes more technical because this assessment may involve both obligations and assets of the acquired business.

This procedure is significantly more difficult than comparing the purchase price to the net book value of their resources. While It May seem counterintuitive to get a Corporation to pay a premium on net book value, this may occur for some very good reasons, such as:

  • Negotiating Skills: The cost is both a use of the resources associated with the trade in addition to the bargaining skills of each and every party.
  • Inventories: in case the acquired company used a LIFO way of assessing inventory, and also the values for their services and products are rising as time passes, the price of inventory emerging on the balance sheet might be understated.
  • Property, Plant, Equipment: quotes of useful lives could have been overly conservative, leading to equipment with significant serviceable life remaining, however no or little net book price.
  • Intangible Assets: that category may consist of prospective earning potential, strong brand loyalty, exemplary credit scoring, in addition to an exceptional management group or employee base.

When the buy price is different compared to the average market value of net assets, then the distinction is categorized as good will.


Company A has entered into an agreement to acquire Company B to get $1,500,000. The balance sheet of Company B is the Following:

Cash $90,000
Receivables $75,000
Inventories $200,000
Property, Plant, Equipment $900,000
Total Assets $1,265,000
Liabilities and Owner’s Equity
Current Liabilities $125,000
Capital Stock $500,000
Retained Earnings $640,000
Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity $1,265,000

Prior to purchase, Company A hired an appraiser to evaluate the price of Company B’s assets. During this review, stocks were valued at $350,000 and land, plant and equipment at $1,000,000. This assessment led to a reasonable market value of net assets of 1,390,000 as exhibited from the table below.

Master Valuation Approach
Cash $90,000
Receivables $75,000
Inventories $350,000
Property, Plant, Equipment $1,000,000
Current Liabilities ($125,000)
Fair Market Value of Net Assets $1,390,000
Purchase Price $1,500,000
Goodwill $110,000

Since the purchase price paid for all these resources was $1,500,000, Company A reserved $110,000 into the abstract advantage good will.